Agostini, Alberto de

ca. 1930Untitled Topographic map based on expedition of the Italian Salesian missionary Father Alberto de Agostini.

Arrowsmith, Aaron

1814South America, Delineated by A. Arrowsmith
Compare Tierra del Fuego with John Arrowsmith map, below.

Arrowsmith, John

1839South America, from Original Documents, including the Survey by the Officers of H. M. Ships Adventure and Beagle. Dedicated to Captain R. Fitz Roy, R. N. by John Arrowsmith.” In The London Atlas of Universal Geography. London: John Arrowsmith.
Compare Tierra del Fuego with Aaron Arrowsmith map, above.


2012Ship Routes between Punta Arenas, Chile and Ushuaia, Argentina.
Google Earth “FlyOvers:”

de Canerio Januensis, Nicolo

1502Marine World Chart. Paris: Service Hydrographique de la Marine. Chart in 17 views Ligne 3-colonne 2 § image shows lower Atlantic coast shoreline of South America.
(Described by Edward Luther Stevenson in 1908.)

§ Mis-labelled Ligne 2-colonne 3 at French website.

Cantino, Alberto

ca. 1500Carta del Cantino. Modena, Italy: Biblioteca Estense Universitaria. §

§ Original at Biblioteca Estense Universitaria (PDF download).

de Costa, Benjamin Franklin Info

1879Drawing, showing flattened surface of Lenox Globe. From “The Lenox Globe” in The Magazine of American History, vol III, pp. 529-540. New York & Chicago: A. S. Barnes & Co.

Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, Juan de la Info

1769Mapa Maritimo del Estrecho de Magallanes.

1775Mapa Geografico de America Meridional (Detail view of Tierra del Fuego).

Darwin, Charles

1844Sketches of Portillo & Uspallata Passes, Copiapo Valley. In Geological Observations ….

Dower, John

1839Southern Portion of South America. In Darwin's Journal of Researches, map may be tipped in after Table of Contents, or folded loose in front pocket. London: Henry Colburn.

Fine, Oronce

1531Nova, et integra universi orbis descriptio (“A New and Complete Description of the World”)

FitzRoy, Robert

1830-39HMS Beagle Surveys between 1830 and 1839: Taunton, UK: United Kingdom Hydrographic Office

1834Port San Julian; unpublished chart sent to United Kingdom Hydrographic Office.
Sourced from United Kingdom Hydrographic Office

1835No. 27: Part of Tierra del Fuego from H.M.S. Beagle 1834. Taunton, UK: United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (recvd. 6 August, 1835).
Detail view showing Avalanche Point area. See Placenames page for further details

1839Satellite photo with three of FitzRoy's locations. From his Table of Positions: Narrative … Volume 2 Appendix.

Gardner, J. Info

1831Chart of a Part of South America. In King, “Some Observations …”
Darwin's hand-colored copy.
Same, at Cambridge University Library website.
San Sebastián Bay area: Compare 1831 & 1839 Gardner charts with Darwin's hand-colored & corrected copy of the former.
Detail view of San Sebastián area, overlaid on Google Earth 3D view.

1839 Chart of a Part of South America. In King et al, Narrative …, Vol. I. [Same as 1831 chart; see Notes for details.]
The Strait of Magalhaens chart in Narrative … Vol I.

 General Chart shewing the Principal Tracks of H. M. S. Beagle __ 1831-6.

Google Earth Info

2012See Australis entry for ship routes, etc.

2015Punta Arenas & nearby points of interest (kml).

2015Ushuaia & Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego (kml).

2016Tierra del Fuego.

Hodges, William

1777Christmas Sound on the S.W. coast of Terra del Fuego. In James Cook: A voyage towards the South Pole, and round the World. Performed in His Majesty's ships the Resolution and Adventure, in the years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775. London: W. Strahan & T. Cadell [Shading added].

Hondius, Jodocus

1606Exquisita & magno aliquot mensium periculo lustrata et iam retecta Freti Magellanici Facies.

1615Six (of twelve) Globe Gores showing North and South America, and Pacific Ocean. Detail view of Tierra del Fuego. Reissued by Giuseppe di Rossi.

Hulsius, Levinus

1626Deliniatio Freti Magellanici (“Illustration of the Strait of Magellan”). In Krause Collection of Sir Francis Drake, Kurtze, Warhafftige Relation …. ms. 41, p. 38. Washington, DC: Library of Congress

Janssonius, Joannes

1628Freti Magellanici Ac Novi Freti Vulgo Le Maire Exactissima Delineatio (“Straits of Magellan, and also the Newly Found [Strait of] Le Maire, Most-Exactly Delineated”)

1645Tabula Magellanica, Qua Tierra del Fuego (“View of Magellanica, with Tierra del Fuego”)

Johnston, Alexander Keith

1871Chart of Patagonia. In Cunningham: Notes on the Natural History of the Strait of Magellan.

Kitchin, Thomas

1772A New Map of the Southern Parts of America, taken from Manuscript Maps made in the Country and a Survey of the Eastern Coast made by Order of the King of Spain. In Thomas Falkner: A Description of Patagonia.

[Lenox Globe] Info

ca. 1510-11Lenox Globe at New York Public Library [creator unknown], plus drawing by Benjamin Franklin de Costa showing globe surface.

Lodge, John

1782A Chart of Plymouth Sound, Catwater and Hamoaze (HMS Beagle departure point). London: In Political Magazine, July.

Moll, Herman

1726A New & Exact Map of the Coast, Countries and Islands within ye Limits of ye South Sea Company … .
Detail view of Patagonia segment, plus inset of A Map of ye Straits of Magellan &c.

Ortelius, Abraham

1570Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.

Pigafetta, Antonio

ca. 1520Sketch map of Patagonia and Strait of Magellan in his First Voyage Round the World, by Magellan. 1874 Reprint. London: Hakluyt Society.

Popper, Julius

1887Map of Tierra del Fuego in his “Exploration of Tierra del Fuego.” Buenos Aires: L. Jacobsen & Co.

Reinel, Pedro

ca. 1522 Untitled chart of Southern Hemisphere, named “The Chart of Magellan” by Marcel Destombes. Class Mark 1825, formerly 49358/2755. Istanbul, Turkey: Topkapi Saray Library. See Marcel Destombes for more details.

Ringrose, Basil

ca. 1682Tierra del Fuego chart, copied by Ringrose from a chart in the Spanish derrotero taken from captured ship Rosario.

Roussin, Augustin

1620South America. One of six charts in untitled portolan atlas. Boston: Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at Boston Public Library. This chart.
Detail view of Strait of Magellan area

Rueda, Manuel de

1769Reconocimiento de los Estrechos de Magallanes y San Vicente.” In de Nodal: Relacion del Viage ….

Sarmiento de Gamboa, Pedro Info

ca. 1580Carta del Estrecho Magallanes, Parte Oriental, imputada a Sarmiento de Gamboa.

Sayer, Robert & John Bennett Info

1775A Chart of the Straits of Magellan.

Schiller, Walther Info

1928Lieutenant Sholl's Grave in Puerto San Julian.

Schouten, William Cornelison Info

1618,19Maps showing route of Schouten around Cape Horn.
1618: In original Dutch Journal ofte Beschryvinghe …
1619: In English translation; Relation of a Wonderful Voyage ….

  Google Earth 3d view of Schouten's voyage.

Schöner, Johannes

1515Sketch map of globe, from Winsor's Narrative … (p. 118)
See Wieder, Frederic Caspar for details about a set of globe gores attributed to Schöner.

Schræmbl, Franz Anton Info

1787Karte der Magellanischen Strasse.

Sturt, John

1694[T]erra del Fuogo map: “Magellan Streights” detail views, in Narbrough's “Journal”

Tierra del Fuego National Park

 Tierra del Fuego National Park Map.

Turin Map (cartographer unknown) Info

ca. 1523Chart of Caribbean and South America.

van Walbeek, Johannes Info

1645-46Suydfyde van tierra del Fuego ….” [Southern Tierra del Fuego] In Iovrnael van de Nassausche Vloot … In de Jaren 1623, 1624, 1625, en 1626. Amsterdam: Johannes Janssonius.

Waldseemüller, Martin Info

1507Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorum que lustrationes. (“A drawing of the whole earth following the tradition of Ptolemy and the travels of Amerigo Vespucci and others”) (with detail view of southern tip of South America).

Walker, J. & C.

1839Part of Tierra del Fuego from H. M. S. Beagle. In FitzRoy: Narrative …, Vol. II. London: Henry Colburn.

Weller, Edward

ca. 1871Map of Patagonia. In Musters: At Home with the Patagonians. Red line shows Musters' route, proceeding northward from Punta Arenas.

Wieder, Frederik Caspar Info

1925Monumenta cartographica: Reproductions of unique and rare maps, plans and views in the actual size of the originals; accompanied by cartographical monographs. The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff.

Woram, John

2008Rio Santa Cruz, showing FitzRoy/Darwin 1834 expedition.

2009Compare routes of HMS Beagle and Australis ships.
Note: Route chart derived from Zagier & Urruty Patagonian & Fuegian Channels chart listed below.

Zagier & Urruty

2008Patagonian & Fuegian Channels, Chilean Fjords Cruise Chart. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Zagier & Urruty Publications.
Order chart from